Bleeding gums and deep gum pockets, known as periodontitis (gum disease) is a result of oral bacteria (dental plaque) and poor oral hygiene.  Periodontitis, if left untreated, can lead to bone loss, chronic gum infections, loose teeth and bad breath.  Your overall health may also be affected:  A clear link has been shown between periodontitis and heart disease; bacterial plaque and gum inflammation can lead to thickened heart arteries, known as atherosclerosis.

Treating this disease involves removing the source of the gum inflammation, bacterial plaque and tartar, by anesthetizing (numbing) your gums and performing deep scaling and root planning of the tooth root surfaces. Thereafter, to ensure an optimum gum response, antibiotics are placed in deep gum pockets. If tended to early, most cases of periodontitis are resolvable.  More advanced or chronic gum inflammation often requires surgery to prevent tooth loss and/or continual dental infections.